- Congressman Michael McCaul (TX) letter to secretary Lew Urging him to question Argentina's membership in the G20 (9/14/14)
- Senator Marco Rubio (FL) Letter to Secretary Lew Urging the Treasury to counsel Argentina to honor its financial obligations (7/28/14)
- Representative Michal McCaul (TX-10) Dear Colleague on Argentina Legal Memo (6/10/14)
- Secretary of State John F. Kerry response to question by Senator James Risch about State Department encouraging Argentina to normalize relations with creditors (4/8/14)
- Representatives Posey, Garrett, McCaul, Miller, Westmoreland, Grimm, Huizenga, Mulvaney write to Assistant Secretary Fitzpayne opposing new MDB loans to Argentina (3/10/14)
- Representative Mica (FL-7) letter to Secretary Hagel expressing concern and opposition to the U.S. government selling Hummer vehicles to the Argentine Defense Ministry (2/7/14)
- Representatives Diaz-Balart ( FL-25) and Dent (PA-15) letter to Secretary Kerry voicing concern for the Administration's support for Argentina in litigation regarding Argentina's debt (2/3/14)
- Representatives Posey (FL-08), Garrett (NJ-05), Miller (CA-31), Grimm (NY-11), Mulvaney (SC-05), Gibson (NY-19), McCaul (TX-10), Westmoreland (GA-03), Buizenga (MI-02), Cotton (AR-04) letter to Treasury Secretary Lew about future World Bank loans to Argentina (11/15/13)
- House Committee on Foreign Affairs Subcommittee on The Western Hemisphere Chairman Representative Matt Salmon’s opening remarks for the September 10, 2013 Subcommittee Hearing: Challenges to Democracy in the Western Hemisphere (9/11/13)
- Representatives Duncan (FL-27), Salmon (AZ-5), McCaul (TX-10), Diaz-Belart (FL-35), Ros-Lehtinen (FL-27), Lamborn (CO-5), Smith (NJ-4), Franks (AZ-8), Weber (TX-14), Westmoreland (GA-3), Conaway (TX-11), Pompeo (KS-4), Bachmann (MN-6), Wilson (SC-2), Poe (TX-2), Johnson (OH-6), Radel (FL-19), Stockman (TX-36), Royce (CA-29) Letter to Secretary Kerry on Iran Influence in Western Hemisphere Report (8/1/13)
- Representatives McCaul (TX-113), Duncan (SC-3), Meng (NY-6), Grimm (NY-11) and Posey (FL-15) letter to U.S. Secretary of Sate John Kerry (7/11/13)
- Representatives Salmon (AZ-5), Sires (NJ-8), Miller (CA-21), Ros-Lehtinen (FL-27), Smith (NJ-4), Garrett (NJ-5), Rohrabacher (CA-48), Radel (FL-19), Diaz-Balart (FL-25), Grimm (NY-11), DeSantis (FL-6) and Meng (NY-6) letter to U.S. Department of Justice Attorney General Eric Holder (7/10/14)
- Representatives Meng (NY-6), Radel (FL-19), Weber (TX-14), Cramer (ND), Faleomavaega (AS) and Lowenthal (CA-47) Letter to Secretary of State John Kerry on Argentina’s “Truth Commission” with Iran (5/30/13)
- Senators Mark Kirk (R-IL) and Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) Letter to President Cristina Fernandez de Kirchner on Concern about AMIA Bombing "Truth Commission" (3/11/13)
- House Financial Services Subcommittee on Capital Markets and Governement Sponsored Enterprises Holds Hearing on Investor Protection (6/7/12)
- Senator Mark Kirk (R-IL) Letter to Secretary Geithner on World Bank Lending to Argentina (6/21/11)
- Representative Connie Mack (R-FL) Press Release on JEFSA (H.R. 1798) Introduction (5/10/11)
- Representative Connie Mack (R-FL) Dear Colleague Letter on JEFSA Introduction (5/9/11)
- Representative Russ Carnahan (D-MO) Letter to Argentine Ambassador Alfredo Vicente Chiaradia on Cargo Seizure (4/18/11)
- U.S. Trade Representative Response to Representative Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) on GSP Letter (3/28/11)
- New York Assemblyman Kolb (R-129) Letter to Senator Kirsten Gillibrand (D-NY) on Argentine Debt Repayment (3/8/11)
- Senator Roger Wicker (R-MS) Congressional Record Statement on Paris Club and Argentina’s Capacity to Repay (3/8/11)
- Letter from 10 members of Congress to Ambassador Ron Kirk on Argentina’s GSP Status (2/23/11)
- Senator Michael Bennet (D-CO) letter to Secretary Clinton and Secretary Geithner on Argentine debt repayment (4/27/10)
- Senator Kirsten Gillibrand letter to Argentine Economy Minister Amado Boudou on Argentina’s Outstanding Debt (1/26/10)
- Secretary of State Hillary Clinton response letter to ATFA Co-Chairs Dr. Robert Shapiro and Ambassador Nancy Soderberg
- U.S. Treasury Department response letter to NTU (3/10/09)
- Secretary of State Hillary Clinton response letter to ATFA Co-Chairs Dr. Robert Shapiro and Ambassador Nancy Soderberg (3/10/09)
- Rep. Connie Mack (R-FL) letter to Secretary Condoleezza Rice (6/17/08)
- Assistant Secretary of State Tom Shannon response letter to ATFA Co-Chairs Dr. Robert Shapiro and Ambassador Nancy Soderberg (2008)
- U.S. State Department response letter to Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) (5/29/08)
- Rep. Steve Israel (D-NY) and Rep. Mark Steven Kirk (R-IL) letter to President Cristina Kirchner (5/20/08)
- Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) letter to Secretary Condoleezza Rice
- Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) letter to Secretary Henry Paulson (4/1/08)
- Rep. Carolyn Maloney (D-NY) letter to IDB Executive Vice President Daniel Zelikow (4/1/08)
- Senator Lisa Murkowski (R-AK) letter to Secretary Condoleezza Rice (3/4/08)
- Senators Jon Tester (D-MT), Mike Enzi (R-WY), John Barrasso (R-WY), Claire McCaskill (D-MO), Byron Dorgan (D-ND), Tim Johnson (D-SD), Kent Conrad (D-ND), and Pete Domenici (R-NM) letter to USDA Secretary Ed Schafer (3/3/08)
- Rep. Joe Baca (D-CA) letter to USDA Secretary Ed Schafer (3/3/08)
- Rep. Robert Wexler (D-FL) letter to Reps. Eliot Engel (D-NY) and Dan Burton (R-IN) (12/4/07)
- Rep. Robert Wexler (D-FL) letter to President-elect Cristina Kirchner
- Rep. Eliot Engel (D-NY) and Rep. Dan Burton (R-IN) letter to Secretary Henry Paulson (2/28/07)
To view activity in New York State Legislature, click here.
Judgment Evading Foreign States Accountability Act of 2011
- H.R.1798 (For text of this legislation, please click here.)
- Title: To prevent foreign states that do business, issue securities, or borrow money in the United States, and then fail to satisfy United States court judgments totaling $100,000,000 or more based on such activities, from inflicting further economic injuries in the United States, from undermining the integrity of United States courts, and from discouraging responsible lending to poor and developing nations by undermining the secondary and primary markets for sovereign debt.
- Sponsor: Rep Mack, Connie [FL-14]
- Cosponsors::Rep Baca, Joe [CA-43]; Rep Carnahan, Russ [MO-3]; Rep Higgins, Brian [NY-27]; Rep King, Peter T. [NY-3]; Rep Maloney, Carolyn B. [NY-14]; Rep McHenry, Patrick T. [NC-10]; Rep Napolitano, Grace F. [CA-38]; Rep Owens, William L. [NY-23]; Rep Posey, Bill [FL-15]; Rep Reed, Tom [NY-29]; Rep Roskam, Peter J. [IL-6]; Rep Sanchez, Loretta [CA-47]; Rep Schock, Aaron [IL-18]; Rep Tonko, Paul [NY-21]; Rep Towns, Edolphus [NY-10]
- Latest Major Action: 5/6/2011 Referred to House committee. Status: Referred to the Committee on Financial Services, and in addition to the Committee on Foreign Affairs, for a period to be subsequently determined by the Speaker, in each case for consideration of such provisions as fall within the jurisdiction of the committee concerned.
- S. 912 (For text of this legislation, please click here.)
- Title: To prevent foreign states that do business, issue securities, or borrow money in the United States, and fail to satisfy United States court judgments totaling $100,000,000 or more based on such activities, from inflicting further economic injuries in the United States, from undermining the integrity of United States courts, and from discouraging responsible lending to poor and developing nations by undermining the secondary and primary markets for sovereign debt.
- Sponsor: Sen Roger Wicker [R-MS]
- Latest Major Action: 5/9/2011 Referred to Senate committee. Status: Read twice and referred to the Committee on Banking, Housing, and Urban Affairs.
News coverage of JEFSA
- The country complains before the U.S. Congress
- U.S. bill advances to sanction Argentina over the default
- The bondholders reach the U.S. Senate
- Vulture funds, to the U.S. Congress
- ATFA Applauds Senator Roger F. Wicker for Introducing Legislation to Hold Argentina Accountable to U.S. Lenders
- ATFA Applauds Rep. Connie Mack for Introducing Bipartisan Legislation to Address the Claims of U.S. Lenders to Argentina
Why Jubilee USA and JEFSA are Compatible
Supporters of Jubilee USA should be assured that the Judgment Evading Foreign States Accountability Act (JEFSA) of 2011 will not disqualify poor nations from receiving debt relief or impose other penalties on them. The legislation introduced has been carefully crafted to avoid jeopardizing debt relief status for poor nations. The Jubilee USA Act and JEFSA are compatible for the following reasons:
- JEFSA applies only to “wealthy and middle-income foreign states.” These are states that are “not presently eligible or potentially eligible to receive debt receive debt relief through the Heavily Indebted Poor Countries (HIPC) Initiative of the World Bank” and those “not presently eligible for financing from the International Development Association (IDA).”
- The Jubilee USA Act has been used as a guide to ensure that JEFSA does not affect poor nations. These sanctions effectively exclude from penalty any nation qualifying for debt relief under the Jubilee USA Act.
- JEFSA legislation only imposes sanctions against “judgment evading foreign states” – that is, nations that have defaulted on more than $100 million in obligations, and have remained in default for more than two years. The legislation would then only bar such nations from incurring additional indebtedness in US capital markets. These nations are allowed two years to honor court judgments before penalties apply. JEFSA’s goal of prohibiting further accrual of debt is not incompatible with the goals of Jubilee and other advocates of debt cancellation and responsible lending.
- JEFSA would currently only affect Argentina, which has repeatedly defaulted on court judgments, has remained in default for years, and is not eligible for aid through HIPC or the IDA. This legislation will serve to discourage future bad acts by other middle-income and wealthy nations, rather than punishing impoverished nations for the inability to repay their debts.